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In layman’s terms, electrical maintenance is the upkeep and preservation of those systems that supply electricity to any residential, commercial, or industrial building. Conducting timely inspections and electrical repairs on a home’s electrical systems can help keep your family as well as your property safe from electrical hazards. If neglected, these hazards can lead to expensive repairs, loss of property, or even loss of life.
This short read will introduce you to the importance of electrical maintenance for homes.
What is included in electrical maintenance?
Usually, electrical maintenance includes checking generators, surge protectors, power outlets, HVAC systems as well as indoor and outdoor lighting systems. Some aspects of home electrical maintenance can be carried out by homeowners, but most electrical repairs are best left to professional electricians.
What is preventative maintenance?
Preventive maintenance is also generally practiced for commercial and industrial buildings as part of their maintenance plan. These activities are carried out by electrical contractors and involve scheduled inspections and maintenance of large electrical systems and equipment.
The purpose of preventive maintenance is to detect and fix minor issues before they become major problems. This is especially important for buildings that depend heavily on electrical equipment for their day-to-day operations, such as manufacturing plants, factories, and hospitals.
As a part of preventive maintenance, electricians check circuit breakers, electrical generators, and switches to make sure there are no wiring issues and that all the connections are solid.
If any wear and tear are noticed, minor repairs may be made by splicing wires together. In most industrial buildings, wires are encased in conduits to prevent frequent wear and tear.
Keeping wires in good shape is important to ensure heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems have an uninterrupted power supply.
As a rule, commercial electrical maintenance is handled by licensed electrical contractors only. This is because they have access to and a deep understanding of building blueprints, wiring diagrams, equipment specifications, and more, which allows them to meticulously inspect each area of the building.
A variety of tools are used by electricians as a part of their job, including voltage meters, amp meters, ohmmeters, wire cutters, conduit benders, hand drills, pliers, knives, and more.
Essential home electric safety checklist
Electricity has become such an important part of our everyday lives that we often take it for granted. However, it would be foolhardy to forget that electricity also has the potential to be lethal. It is every responsible homeowner’s duty to check the home’s electric system periodically to avoid major hazards, such as short circuits and electric fires.
Here is our pick for the essential home electric safety checklist.
- If you notice fuses blowing up or breakers tripping at the electrical panel every so often in your home, it is a sign that a professional electrician should inspect your electrical systems for faults.
- Make sure all the circuits in your home are properly grounded.
- Water and electricity are never a good combination. Make sure not to wet any kitchen or bathroom appliances while they’re plugged in. If you need to clean them, make sure they are plugged out of the sockets before you do.
- If you have children or grandchildren who live or frequently visit you, change all your electrical outlets to child-proof tamper-resistant outlets. Codes require these outlets to be installed in all new homes.
- If you notice any frayed wires in your home, replace them immediately. They could potentially cause fires or shocks.
- All wobbly plugs that do not fit properly into sockets must be replaced.
- All plugs and cords must be kept a fair distance away from fire and heat sources such as radiators.
- Avoid placing furniture on cords. Try not to hide cords under rugs and carpets.
- If you notice a buzzing sound when you turn on your lights, or if you notice them flickering or dimming, immediately call a professional to inspect your home.
- The same should be done if you notice a burning odor.
- As far as possible, avoid using extension cords to power high voltage appliances such as air conditioners and refrigerators. They are simply not built for such heavy-duty usage.
- Leaving extension cords plugged in when they are not in use increases the risk of electrical fires.
- Invest in a surge protector to make sure your appliances stay safe even though unwarranted electrical surges.
- Always use bulbs of the recommended wattage only for your home’s lighting fixtures.
- Reset your home’s GFCI (Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters) at least twice a year.
- Irrespective of whether you see signs of wear and tear or not, have a professional electrician inspect your home every three to five years at least. Electrical equipment maintenance of things like HVAC inspection should be carried out at least once every year.
Read more: Electrical inspection cost